Heworth, Battle of

   The skirmish at Heworth on 24 August 1453 aggravated the NEVILLE-PERCY FEUD and helped create the political alignments that made possible the war between the houses of LANCASTER and YORK.
   After the marriage of his son Sir Thomas NEVILLE to Maud Stanhope, Lady Willoughby, the niece of Ralph Cromwell, Lord Cromwell, Richard NEVILLE, earl of Salisbury, led a wedding party across Heworth Moor toward his castle at Sheriff Hutton. Besides the bride and groom and a substantial number of RETAINERS, the party included Salisbury’s wife and his son John NEVILLE. On the northeast edge of York, Thomas PERCY, Lord Egremont, son of Henry PERCY, second earl of Northumberland, intercepted the Nevilles while leading a force that may have numbered almost 5,000. Egremont’s party included his brother, Richard Percy, and John CLIFFORD, the future Lord Clifford.
   What occurred next is uncertain. Both sides threatened violence, but neither offered much. Although some participants were injured, no blood was shed. The Nevilles came safely to their destination, but Egremont continued to harass his rivals’ lands and tenants. Egremont’s actions may have been precipitated by his anger over the possibility that former Percy lands held by Cromwell might, through the marriage, pass eventually to the Nevilles. More likely, Egremont was simply seeking to escalate the quarrel he had already begun with John Neville, and the wedding party, including both John and his father, admirably served his purpose. Because the Neville-Percy feud eventually arrayed the two powerful northern families on opposite sides in the growing political struggle between Richard PLANTAGENET, duke of York, and Edmund BEAUFORT, duke of Somerset, the incident at Heworth was seen by a later chronicler as “the beginning of the greatest sorrow in England” (Hicks, p. 87).
   Further Reading: Griffiths, Ralph A.,“Local Rivalries and National Politics: The Percies, the Nevilles and the Duke of Exeter, 1452–1455,” in Ralph A. Griffiths, ed., King and Country: England and Wales in the Fifteenth Century (London: Hambledon Press, 1991), pp. 321–364; Griffiths, Ralph A., The Reign of King Henry VI (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981); Hicks, Michael,Warwick the Kingmaker (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1998); Storey,R. L., The End of the House of Lancaster, 2d ed. (Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1999).

Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Heworth, York — Heworth is part of the City of York, England, about a mile north east of the centre. It is sometimes referred to as Heworth Village. The name Heworth is Anglo Saxon and means a high enclosure .Location and demographicsThe area ranges from… …   Wikipedia

  • Meeting on Heworth Moor — The great meeting on Heworth Moor outside York took place on 3 June 1642. The Lords and gentry of Yorkshire were summoned there by King Charles I to garner support from the county in his struggle with Parliament. At the meeting, at the request of …   Wikipedia

  • Neville, Richard, Earl of Salisbury — (c. 1400–1460)    In the mid fifteenth century, Richard Neville, earl of Salisbury, was one of the wealthiest and most politically influential nobles in England. By bringing the extensive Neville interest into alliance with Richard PLANTAGENET,… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Percy-Neville feud — The Percy Neville feud was a series of skirmishes, raids and vandalism between two prominent northern English families and their followers that helped provoke the Wars of the Roses. BeginningsThe first outbreaks of violence were in the 1450s… …   Wikipedia

  • Neville-Percy Feud — (1450s)    In the mid 1450s, a violent feud erupted between the sons and RETAINERS of Richard NEVILLE, earl of Salisbury, and Henry PERCY, second earl of Northumberland, leaders of the two most powerful noble families in northern England. This… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Go North East — Parent Go Ahead Group Fou …   Wikipedia

  • Chronology: Wars of the Roses — ♦1399 29 September. Deposition of Richard II; accession of Henry of Bolingbroke as Henry IV, first king of the house of Lancaster. ♦1411 22 September. Birth of Richard Plantagenet, future duke of York. ♦1413 20 March. Death of Henry IV;… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Percy, Henry, Earl of Northumberland —    1) (1394–1455)    Through his feud with the NEVILLE FAMILY for dominance in northern England, Henry Percy, second earl of Northumberland, helped cement a series of alliances that allowed Richard PLANTAGENET, duke of York, to seriously contend… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • South Shields — Coordinates: 54°59′31″N 1°25′44″W / 54.992°N 1.429°W / 54.992; 1.429 …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Murphy (VC) — For other people named Michael Murphy, see Michael Murphy (disambiguation). Michael Murphy VC Born c. 1837 Cahir, County Tipperary, Ireland Died 4 April 1893(1893 04 04) (aged 56) Darlington …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.